By Michelle Mason
The activities of daily living are basic tasks of everyday life. This is a term that is used in healthcare to refer to daily self-care activities within an individual's place of residence or in an outdoor environment. Many programs use ADLs to determine not only the functional abilities but also the level of care and the benefits available to the individual.
Assessing a senior's functional abilities helps the family and medical professionals determine a person's current care needs. Assessments can be valuable, by showing patterns of either progress or decline.
Whether the senior is able to perform all of the activities of daily living independently, or if they need help with just a few of them, the assessment will help the professional team create a care plan to meet each individual's needs.
Activities of Daily Living (ADL's)
Most senior healthcare providers group the activities of daily living into the following categories:
Bathing and showering: being able to bathe or shower with no assistance.
Personal grooming: Shaving, brushing teeth and coming hair.
Dressing: choosing appropriate garments and being able to dress and undress, having no trouble with buttons or zippers.
Preparing meals and eating: making appropriate food choices and preparing meals safely. Being able to feed their self.
Organizing and taking medications: taking the appropriate medications and correct dosages on time.
Mobility/Transferring: being able to walk or being able to transfer oneself from the bed to the wheelchair and back with no assistance.
Toileting: using the restroom independently
Maintaining the home: doing housekeeping and laundry or making arrangements for the housekeeping and laundry to be done.
Managing finances: budgeting or paying rent and utility bills on time, etc.
Using transportation: being able to drive or use public transportation for appointments, shopping etc.
Shopping: being able to shop for groceries and other small necessities, and transport purchases from store to home.
If you have a loved one who is age 60 or older and needs help with 2 or more of the Activities of Daily Living, our firm may be able to help you apply for a program called Passport Waiver, which offers in home healthcare. Passport Waiver is an alternative program to help keep older adults safely and independently in their homes with quality services. Please call for an appointment to find out more.